Use previously cited research to explain your expectations. Later these expectations are formally stated as the hypotheses. State the alternate hypothesis and make it is clear, concise and includes the variables under investigation. Name the dependent variables and make sure it's operationalized.
Identify any controls used, e. Identify the target population refer to a geographic location and type of sample. Say how you obtained your sample e. Give relevant details, e. Describe the materials used, e. Describe the precise procedure you followed when carrying out your research i. Describe in sufficient detail to allow for replication of findings.
The results section of a paper usually present the descriptive statistics followed by inferential statistics. Avoid interpreting the results save this for the discussion. Make sure the results are presented clearly and concisely. A table can be used to display descriptive statistics if this makes the data easier to understand. DO NOT include any raw data. Numbers reported to 2d. The exceptions to this rule: Numbers which can never exceed 1.
Statistical symbols that are not Greek letters should be italicised e. If you have four to 20 numbers to present, a well-presented table is best, APA style. Clarification of whether no difference or a significant difference was found the direction of the difference only where significant.
Are your results similar or different? Acknowledge limitations, but only if they can explain the result obtained. If the study has found a reliable effect be very careful suggesting limitations as you are doubting your results.
Unless you can think of any confounding variable that can explain the results instead of the IV, it would be advisable to leave the section out. Say what your findings mean for the way people behave in the real world. Perhaps you could base this on a limitation of your study. The reference section is the list of all the sources cited in the essay in alphabetical order. It is not a bibliography a list of the books you used. In simple terms every time you refer to a name and date of a psychologist you need to reference the original source of the information.
If you have been using textbooks this is easy as the references are usually at the back of the book and you can just copy them down. If you have been using websites then you may have a problem as they might not provide a reference section for you to copy.
References need to be set out APA style:. Journal Title, volume number issue number , page numbers. A simple way to write your reference section is use Google scholar. Just type the name and date of the psychologist in the search box and click on the 'cite' link.
How to Write a Lab Report Saul McLeod , published Conducting a piece of research is a requirement for most psychology degree courses. When conducting investigations, never: Infringement of any ethical guidelines may result in disqualification of the project.
Lab Report Format Title page, abstract, references and appendices are started on separate pages subsections from the main body of the report are not. Write in the past tense. Orientation was intact for person, time and place. Eye contact was appropriate. There was no abnormality of gait, posture or deportment. Speech functions were appropriate for rate, volume, prosody, and fluency, with no evidence of paraphasic errors.
Vocabulary and grammar skills were suggestive of intellectual functioning within the average range. The patient's attitude was open and cooperative. His mood was euthymic. Affect was appropriate to verbal content and showed broad range. Memory functions were grossly intact with respect to immediate and remote recall of events and factual information.
His thought process was intact, goal oriented, and well organized. There was no evidence of perceptual disorder. His level of personal insight appeared to be good, as evidenced by ability to state his current diagnosis and by ability to identify specific stressors with precipitated the current exacerbation.
Social judgment appeared good, as evidenced by appropriate interactions with staff and other patients on the ward and by cooperative efforts to achieve treatment goals required for discharge. There are several "models" for writing test reports. In this model results are focused on possible answers to the referral question s.
Specific tests are rarely mentioned by name. If the integration of this information is consistent with the history and the mental status exam, it is included in a paragraph dealing with depression. The strength of this model lies in its efficiency and concise focus on the referral problem.
The reader isn't distracted by unrelated details. It's fine to include DSM diagnostic impressions, but your summary of the patient's psychological makeup is far more important. If you do include DSM labels, be sure you've provided enough detail in the body of the report to support the diagnostic criteria as described in DSM.
Any recommendations for treatment can also go here. Results of psychological evaluation reveal an extended history of alcohol abuse and a psychotic disorder characterized primarily by disturbance of thought content, with relative integrity of thought process and no clear indication of perceptual disturbance.
The current clinical presentation appears to represent an acute exacerbation of a chronic psychotic disturbance which had its onset approximately 8 years ago. Jones appears to remain extremely distressed, anxious, paranoid, and delusional, despite self-reports to the contrary. The patient appears to be attempting to cope with his illness using extreme guardedness and withdrawal.
During recent months he has shown no signs of aggressive ideation and is not believed to be a physical risk to himself or others at present. Individual therapy will be more productive than group interventions. Once his guardedness has been relaxed, it will likely be beneficial to explore psychosocial issues present at the time Mr.
Jones lost his job, as these appear to have partially precipitated the current psychotic exacerbation.
New topics include the rationale of the psychological report, the distinctions between testing reports and assessment reports, an examination of the characteristics of the consumers of psychological reports, and how to meet their needs. For psychologists, consultants, and all those interested in psychology.
Psychological report writing 1. Psychological Report Writing**Adapted from UP-PGH format 2. Psychological Assessment is similar to psychologicaltesting but usually involves a more comprehensiveassessment of the donnievales9rdq.cflogical assessment is a process that involves theintegration of information from multiple sources, suchas tests of normal and abnormal personality, .
Psychological Report Writing: Resources, Research, and Strategies Gary Groth-Marnat, Ph.D., ABPP, ABAP This free The American Psychological Association (APA) - Home The American Psychological Association (APA) is a scientific and professional organization that represents psychologists in . PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORT WRITING TIPS Inservice by Greg Nail Mississippi State Hospital December 6, (includes subsequent revisions) There is no one "correct" way to write a report. It needs to be unique to the writer and the patient. Styles often change with each report written.
REPORT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT Confidential Material NAME: Sebastian Smith DATE OF BIRTH: 5/8/ psychological evaluation to determine his current cognitive and emotional status. for writing. Development of bladder and bowel control at night was also somewhat. Start studying PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORT WRITING. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.