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Shields and Tajalli link exploratory research with the conceptual framework working hypothesis. Exploratory research or formulative research Descriptive research [7] Causal research also referred to as explanatory research [8] Exploratory research or formulative research: There are two research methods for exploring the cause and effect relationship between variables: A Playbook for Research Methods: Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project management [1].

See chapter Five for an extensive discussion of exploratory research. Schutt, "Investigating the Social World," 5th ed.

The Practice of Social Research. Journal of Public Affairs Education , Vol. Journal of Advertising Research. Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project Management.

See Chapter four for an extensive discussion of descriptive research. Empirical Political Analysis 8th edition. Retrieved from " https: Vague or ambiguous geographic scope from October All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from September Views Read Edit View history.

Explanatory Research is conducted in order to help us find the problem that was not studied before in-depth. It does not aim to provide final and conclusive answers to the research questions but allows the researcher to explore the research with a varying level of depths.

Research allows the researcher to tackle such problems where no or less research has been done. Some of the popular methods of explanatory research design include literature searches, depth interview, focus groups, and case analysis. There is an enormous amount of information available on the internet, libraries. The literature search may include magazines, newspaper, trade literature, and academic literature. These people can be professionals or person outside the organization. Anyone with information related to the problem is a strong candidate for the depth interview.

Another method used is the gathering of the people who have a common objective and has information about the specific problem at hand. Focus group can have members. While selecting the members, it should be kept in mind that the individuals have information about the problem. In a quasi-experimental study, the research would use an accepted research tool i.

After the defined period of time has passed, the researcher would administer the same accepted research tool to the same group of residents a second time and compare the results of the pre-club survey to the post-club survey to measure any change in the levels or loneliness and isolation experienced among the group of elderly residents.

Any changes would be ascribed to the implementation of the reading club. Uncontrolled before and after studies are relatively simple to conduct and for the purpose of attributing causation are considered superior to observational studies; however, they may have intrinsic weaknesses as evaluative designs, as other trends or sudden changes make it difficult to attribute observed changes to the intervention.

For example, in the case of the book club described above, a reduction in feelings of loneliness and isolation could be the result of another phenomonon, like weekly arts and crafts sessions, introduced into the elderly resident population. Without a control group, it is difficult to determine if the positive benefit experienced by the elderly residents is as a result of the book club, the arts and crafts sessions, or some other unknown factor.

Furthermore, in such studies the intervention is confounded by the Hawthorne effect — which is an effect sometimes experienced by participants in research projects in which they experience a positive or beneficial outcome simply as a result of participating in a research project.

This effect could lead to an overestimate of the effectiveness of an intervention. That being said, because of the ease with which before and after studies can be implemented, they are often a good study type for graduate level research. The link to the page is attached automtisk in the message to your friend. Menu Getting started Getting started Lesson 1: Explorative search Criteria for a problem formulation Find who and what you are looking for Too broad, too narrow, or o.

Test your knowledge Lesson 2:


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The term explanatory research implies that the research in question is intended to explain, rather than simply to describe, the phenomena studied. This type of research has had a contested history in qualitative inquiry, and divergent views of the.

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Explanatory research can even split apart and turn back into exploratory research with a new or unique finding. For instance, there was a time in psychology that everyone who was anyone was a.

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Explanatory, analytical and experimental studies. Explanatory, analytical and experimental studies Explain Why a phenomenon is going on; Can be used for hypothesis testing. Disadvantages of Causal Research (Explanatory Research) Coincidences in events may be perceived as cause-and-effect relationships. For example, Punxatawney Phil was able to forecast the duration of winter for five consecutive years, nevertheless, it is just a rodent without intellect and forecasting powers, i.e. it was a coincidence.

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Explanatory Research is the conducted for a problem which was not well researched before, demands priorities, generates operational definitions and provides a better-researched model. It is actually a type of research design which focuses on explaining the aspects of your study in a detailed manner. It has been noted that “exploratory research is the initial research, which forms the basis of more conclusive research. It can even help in determining the research design, sampling methodology and data collection method” [2].