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Origins of the Mafia

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❶The government believed this arrangement would be temporary, lasting just long enough for Rome to gain control; instead, the Mafia clans expanded their criminal activities and further entrenched themselves in Sicilian politics and the economy. The film Scarface is loosely based on the story of Al Capone.

The Mafia’s Sicilian Roots

Phrases Related to MAFIA

A 'padrone' or boss was the middle man between the English speaking businessmen and the laborers from Sicily who were unable to speak the language. He was in charge of the labor group including where they would work, the length of their employment, how much they were paid, and living quarters. Labor laws were non-existent during this period, and the padrone system, like the boss systems, were not immune to corruption.

Many times workers were exploited, never paid, or even given the work they were promised. As the 19th century turned into the 20th century, the migrant laborers from Sicily and the padrone system became synonymous with distrust. Strong leaders or padroni who were mafiosi became known as the American counterpart 'mafia boss', labor contracts became known as mafia contracts, further glorified in American film and television as time went on.

The mafia concept would soon be accepted in Italy even though it had never been recognized there before. Because Sicily was once an Islamic emirate from to , mafia may have come to Sicilian through Arabic , though the word's origins are uncertain. Possible Arabic roots of the word include:. The public's association of the word with the criminal secret society was probably inspired by the play "I mafiusi di la Vicaria" "The Mafiosi of the Vicaria" by Giuseppe Rizzotto and Gaspare Mosca.

The words Mafia and mafiusi are never mentioned in the play; they were probably put in the title to add a local flair.

The play is about a Palermo prison gang with traits similar to the Mafia: Soon after, the use of the term mafia began appearing in the Italian state's early reports on the phenomenon.

The word made its first official appearance in in a report by the prefect of Palermo , Filippo Antonio Gualterio. A formal definition of "mafia" can be hard to come by. The term was never officially used by Sicilian mafiosi, who prefer to refer to their organization as " Cosa Nostra ".

Nevertheless, it is typically by comparison to the Sicilian Mafia that other criminal groups earn the label. The expansion of the term has not been welcomed by all scholars. Giovanni Falcone , an anti-Mafia judge murdered by the Sicilian Mafia in , objected to the conflation of the term "Mafia" with organized crime in general:. While there was a time when people were reluctant to pronounce the word "Mafia" I am no longer willing to accept the habit of speaking of the Mafia in descriptive and all-inclusive terms that make it possible to stack up phenomena that are indeed related to the field of organized crime but that have little or nothing in common with the Mafia.

Scholars such as Diego Gambetta [14] and Leopoldo Franchetti have characterized the Sicilian Mafia as a "cartel of private protection firms", whose primary business is protection racketeering: For many businessmen in Sicily, they provide an essential service when they cannot rely on the police and judiciary to enforce their contracts and protect their properties from thieves this is often because they are engaged in black market deals.

Scholars have observed that many other societies around the world have criminal organizations of their own that provide essentially the same protection service through similar methods. For instance, in Russia after the collapse of Communism, the state security system had all but collapsed, forcing businessmen to hire criminal gangs to enforce their contracts and protect their properties from thieves.

These gangs are popularly called "the Russian Mafia" by foreigners, but they prefer to go by the term krysha. With the [Russian] state in collapse and the security forces overwhelmed and unable to police contract law, [ In his analysis of the Sicilian Mafia, Gambetta provided the following hypothetical scenario to illustrate the Mafia's function in the Sicilian economy.

Suppose a grocer wants to buy meat from a butcher without paying sales tax to the government. Because this is a black market deal, neither party can complain to the police if either of them cheats.

The grocer is afraid that the butcher will sell him rotten meat. The butcher is afraid that the grocer will not pay him. If the butcher and the grocer can't get over their mistrust and refuse to trade, they would both miss out on an opportunity for profit.

Their solution is to ask the local mafioso to oversee the transaction, in exchange for a fee proportional to the value of the transaction but below the legal tax. It developed into a criminal organization and in the late 19th century was carried to the US by Italian immigrants.

Sociology any group considered to resemble the Mafia. Switch to new thesaurus. Armata Corsa beholden bump bump off burke camp capo care clique clutch code codification collude commission commissional commissioned commissioning corrupt Corse. References in classic literature? The other fellow is probably an Italian also, and a member of the Mafia. You'll find that my theory of the Mafia will work out all right. According to sources, Yusra Waheed the lady seeking the sex change was allegedly backed by medical mafia exploiting sex change.

Sex change medical mafia backs lady for legal protection. In view of above do we have any way to take the elections out of this mafia where all of our provinces are directly affected with this deadly infection? No thanks -Do not want to be PM. Norzehra Ebrahim,has submitted that qabza mafia once again wanted to occupy her building. Moreover, the provincial government also benefits the sugar miller mafia with different subsidies from the taxpayers' money, said PTI leader which shows how the miller mafia of Sindh is overtly and covertly patronized by the provincial government.

PTI leader asks judiciary to take notice of the growers' problems. He waged a Mafia war between and , leaving more than a thousand dead and Riina at the top. Mafia 'boss of bosses' dies of cancer in jail, aged

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This is a glossary of words related to the Mafia, primarily the Italian American Mafia and Sicilian Mafia. administration: the top-level "management" of an organized crime Family -- the boss, underboss and consigliere.

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The term "Mafia" was originally applied to the Sicilian Mafia and originates in Sicily, but it has since expanded to encompass other organizations of similar methods and purpose, e.g., "the Russian Mafia" or "the Japanese Mafia".

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What Turrisi Colonna called the mafia in his first study of the mafia eva Dr. Galati's Lemon Groves Dr. Galati took over lemon farm in the s, Carollo was the current warden . The term mafia, originally indicating (not meaning) a group of people "respected" for being charismatic members of that brotherhood, slightly but inesorably turned into a synonym for organized crime. My personal idea is that the two different meanings still coexist in Sicilian culture, often originating a confusig and ambiguous mix.

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Omertá: the much-vaunted Mafia vow of silence. In other words, don't rat on your friends. Transgression is punishable by death. Oobatz: u'pazzu—crazy. Outfit: a clan, or family within the Mafia. Paying tribute: giving the boss a cut of the deal. Piacere: "Pleasure to meet you." Pinched: to get caught by the cops. Points: percent of income; cut. Synonyms for Mafia at with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for Mafia.