It may be beneficial for participants to gather as a group and provide insight collectively. If the study focuses on personal subject matter or medical issues, it may be better to conduct personal interviews. Gather as much information as possible about your subjects to ensure that you develop interviews and activities that will result in obtaining the most advantageous information to your study. Draft a list of interview questions and decide upon how you will conduct your study.
This could be via in-person group interviews and activities, personal interviews, or phone interviews. Sometimes, email is an option. When you are interviewing people, ask them questions that will help you understand their opinions.
What can you tell me about how the site or the situation developed? What do you think should be different, if anything? You also need to ask questions that will give you facts that might not be available from an article--make your work different and purposeful. Set up interviews with subject matter experts account managers in a corporation, clients and customers using applicable tools and services, etc. Make sure all your informants are aware of what you're doing. They need to be fully informed and signing waivers in certain cases and your questions need to be appropriate and not controversial.
Method 2 Quiz Who should you interview for your case study? Experts in your particular field of study. Your professor or boss. Ask the same or similar questions of all subjects involved to ensure that you get different perspectives on a similar subject or service. When you ask a question that doesn't let someone answer with a "yes" or a "no" you usually get more information. What you are trying to do is get the person to tell you whatever it is that he or she knows and thinks --even though you don't always know just what that is going to be before you ask the question.
Keep your questions open-ended. Request data and materials from subjects as applicable to add credibility to your findings and future presentations of your case study.
Clients can provide statistics about usage of a new tool or product and participants can provide photos and quotes that show evidence of findings that may support the case. Collect and analyze all applicable data, including documents, archival records, observations and artifacts. Organize all of your data in the same place to ensure easy access to information and materials while writing the case study.
You can't include it all. So, you need to think about how to sort through it, take out the excess, and arrange it so that the situation at the case site will be understandable to your readers. Before you can do this, you have to put all the information together where you can see it and analyze what is going on. Formulate the problem in one or two sentences.
As you go through your data, think about how you can put what you've found into a thesis-like statement. What patterns have your subjects brought to light?
This will allow you to concentrate on what material is the most important. You're bound to receive information from participants that should be included, but solely on the periphery. Organize your material to mirror this. Method 3 Quiz What information should you request from interview participants? Yes or no responses. Statistics relating to the use of a new product. Additional resources for your research.
Develop and write your case study using the data collected throughout the research, interviewing and analysis processes. Include at least four sections in your case study: The introduction should very clearly set the stage. In a detective story, the crime happens right at the beginning and the detective has to put together the information to solve it for the rest of the story.
In a case, you can start by raising a question. You could quote someone you interviewed. Make sure to include background information on your study site, why your interviewees are a good sample, and what makes your problem pressing to give your audience a panoramic view of the issue. After you've clearly stated the problem at hand, of course. After the reader has all the knowledge needed to understand the problem, present your data. Include customer quotes and data percentages, awards and findings if possible to add a personal touch and more credibility to the case presented.
You may have to do calculations or extra research yourself to back up any claims. At the end of your analysis, you should offer possible solutions, but don't worry about solving the case itself. You may find referring to some interviewees' statements will do the alluding for you. Let the reader leave with a full grasp of the problem, but trying to come up with their own desire to change it.
If you have written a good case, they will have enough information to understand the situation and have a lively class discussion. Add references and appendices if any. Just like you would in any other paper, reference your sources. That's why you got credible ones in the first place. And if you have any information that relates to the study but would have interrupted the flow of the body, include it now. You may have terms that would be hard for other cultures to understand.
If this is the case, include it in the appendix or in a Note for the Instructor. Make additions and deletions. As your work is forming, you'll notice that it may morph into an object you didn't otherwise expect. If it does so, make additions and deletions as needed. You may find that information you once thought pertinent is no longer. Go over your study section by section, but also as a whole.
Each data point needs to fit into both it's place and the entirety of the work. If you can't find an appropriate place for something, stick it in the appendix. Edit and proofread your work. Now that your paper is formulated, look for minute revisions. As always, correct any grammar, spelling and punctuation errors, but also keep an eye out for flow and transition.
Is everything placed and worded as efficiently as possible? Have someone else proofread, too. Your mind may have become oblivious to the errors it has seen times. Another set of eyes may also notice content that has been left open-ended or is otherwise confusing.
Method 4 Quiz Which of these is a section that you should you include in your case study? All of the above. The simplest thing would be to identify the situation and key problems.
Include them in the introductory section of your case study. Once you have done that, identify how those problems were solved. This will bring you to the next section - Solution - this is the most technical part, in which you have to explain the solution and its components.
Once done, figure out the benefits achieved and list them. The concluding remarks can talk about takeaways, future prospects and recommendations. Not Helpful 0 Helpful Use primary sources to research the background and events, then write about what happened and why it is important.
Not Helpful 3 Helpful 9. Open Power Point, then write your case study. Use charts, graphs and other visual representations. Not Helpful 7 Helpful 5. Use brutal honesty, but do not be opinionated. State the true facts, and use appropriate language regarding the situation. Try to speak with the significant other about these facts, in order to represent the full story.
Not Helpful 5 Helpful 1. How can I write a case study on challenges faced by teachers when teaching social studies? You can probably interview a cross-section of teachers teaching social studies, and ask them what challenges they face. Then write a case study presenting your results. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0. How can I write case study on students becoming poor and brilliant in different subjects? Answer this question Flag as How do a write a case study on an agriculture NGO in Africa?
How do I write a case study on a personal experience? The thing of greatest value that you can provide to your colleagues is an honest record of clinical events. Editorial or promotional remarks do not belong in a case study, no matter how great our enthusiasm.
It is best to simply tell the story and let the outcome speak for itself. In addition, patient consent to publish the case report is also required. The distinction between migraine and cervicogenic headache is not always clear. However, this case demonstrates several features ….
Summarize the case and any lessons learned: This case demonstrates a classical presentation of cervicogenic headache which resolved quickly with a course of spinal manipulation, supportive soft-tissue therapy and postural advice. Vertebrogenic hearing deficit, the spine and spinal manipulation therapy: Chiropr J Aust ; Intensity of headaches as recorded on a visual analogue scale vertical axis versus time horizontal axis during the four weeks that the patient was under care.
Treatment was given on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 18, 22 and Headache frequency and intensity is seen to fall over time. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. J Can Chiropr Assoc. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Open in a separate window. Introduction Case studies are an invaluable record of the clinical practices of a profession. Additional and useful resources for chiropractic case studies include: Single subject research designs. J Can Chirop Assoc ; 35 2: J Can Chiropr Assoc ; 51 2: General Instructions This set of guidelines provides both instructions and a template for the writing of case reports for publication.
The title page will contain the full title of the article. Remember that many people may find our article by searching on the internet. They may have to decide, just by looking at the title, whether or not they want to access the full article. A title which is vague or non-specific may not attract their attention. The two most common formats of titles are nominal and compound. Other contents for the title page should be as in the general JCCA instructions to authors. Remember that for a case study, we would not expect to have more than one or two authors.
In order to be listed as an author, a person must have an intellectual stake in the writing — at the very least they must be able to explain and even defend the article. Someone who has only provided technical assistance, as valuable as that may be, may be acknowledged at the end of the article, but would not be listed as an author. If there is more than one author, one author must be identified as the corresponding author — the person whom people should contact if they have questions or comments about the study.
Provide key words under which the article will be listed. These are the words which would be used when searching for the article using a search engine such as Medline. When practical, we should choose key words from a standard list of keywords, such as MeSH Medical subject headings. A copy of MeSH is available in most libraries. A narrative abstract consists of a short version of the whole paper. There are no headings within the narrative abstract.
The author simply tries to summarize the paper into a story which flows logically. A structured abstract uses subheadings. Structured abstracts are becoming more popular for basic scientific and clinical studies, since they standardize the abstract and ensure that certain information is included.
This is very useful for readers who search for articles on the internet. Often the abstract is displayed by a search engine, and on the basis of the abstract the reader will decide whether or not to download the full article which may require payment of a fee. With a structured abstract, the reader is more likely to be given the information which they need to decide whether to go on to the full article, and so this style is encouraged.
The JCCA recommends the use of structured abstracts for case studies. Since they are summaries, both narrative and structured abstracts are easier to write once we have finished the rest of the article.
We include a template for a structured abstract and encourage authors to make use of it. Our sub-headings will be: This consists of one or two sentences to describe the context of the case and summarize the entire article. Several sentences describe the history and results of any examinations performed. The working diagnosis and management of the case are described. Synthesize the foregoing subsections and explain both correlations and apparent inconsistencies.
If appropriate to the case, within one or two sentences describe the lessons to be learned. At the beginning of these guidelines we suggested that we need to have a clear idea of what is particularly interesting about the case we want to describe.
The introduction is where we convey this to the reader. It is useful to begin by placing the study in a historical or social context. If similar cases have been reported previously, we describe them briefly. If there is something especially challenging about the diagnosis or management of the condition that we are describing, now is our chance to bring that out. Each time we refer to a previous study, we cite the reference usually at the end of the sentence. This is the part of the paper in which we introduce the raw data.
First, we describe the complaint that brought the patient to us. Next, we introduce the important information that we obtained from our history-taking. Also, we should try to present patient information in a narrative form — full sentences which efficiently summarize the results of our questioning. We may or may not choose to include this list at the end of this section of the case presentation.
The next step is to describe the results of our clinical examination. Again, we should write in an efficient narrative style, restricting ourselves to the relevant information. It is not necessary to include every detail in our clinical notes.
If we are using a named orthopedic or neurological test, it is best to both name and describe the test since some people may know the test by a different name. X-rays or other images are only helpful if they are clear enough to be easily reproduced and if they are accompanied by a legend.
Be sure that any information that might identify a patient is removed before the image is submitted. At this point, or at the beginning of the next section, we will want to present our working diagnosis or clinical impression of the patient. In this section, we should clearly describe the plan for care, as well as the care which was actually provided, and the outcome. It is useful for the reader to know how long the patient was under care and how many times they were treated.
Additionally, we should be as specific as possible in describing the treatment that we used. If we used spinal manipulation, it is best to name the technique, if a common name exists, and also to describe the manipulation. Remember that our case study may be read by people who are not familiar with spinal manipulation, and, even within chiropractic circles, nomenclature for technique is not well standardized.
However, whenever possible we should try to use a well-validated method of measuring their improvement. For case studies, it may be possible to use data from visual analogue scales VAS for pain, or a journal of medication usage. It is useful to include in this section an indication of how and why treatment finished.
Did we decide to terminate care, and if so, why?
Guidelines for Writing a Case Study Analysis. A case study analysis requires you to investigate a business problem, examine the alternative solutions, and propose the most effective solution using supporting evidence.
A case study paper usually examines a single subject of analysis, but case study papers can also be designed as a comparative investigation that shows relationships between two or among more than two subjects. The methods used to study a case can rest within a quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method investigative paradigm.
Therefore, before beginning to write the study itself, you should gather all of the materials relevant to the case – clinical notes, lab reports, x-rays etc. – and form a clear picture of the story that you wish to share with your profession. A case study should include background information on the specific topic, an analysis of the *Adapted by the Writing Center from original paper by Aimee Garten. Used by.
Write the body of your case study. A thorough discussion of your research and findings should be written in an engaging way. Remember that a case study is supposed to provide a solution to an existing problem, so your paper should tell a story using formal language, allowing the reader to reach your conclusion along with you. Writing case study is an essential part of the university program. It is also one of the hardest assignments for students. It calls for an in-depth research on a particular topic, which requires excellent analytical skills, critical thinking and creativity.