In the present day situation the government of Zimbabwe is trying to regulate humanitarian help. But the situation is not as good as it should be. According to the BBC investigation in the regions that did not voted for current President Mugabe were left without humanitarian help.
The representatives of opposed movements said that government did not give him a chance to but wheat even according to commercial prices. The staff of Binga city hospitals which according some suppositions humanitarian help does not reach according to non-official block, regulated by Mugabe adherents nearly thirty children died during several weeks.
At this period grew a number a poisoning deaths. Without ability to get regular supply of food, Zimbabwe citizens ate some roots, some of them turned to be poisonous. Many children did not go to school as their days are occupied by endless search for food.
The representatives of charitable organizations say that government tries to control the spreading of humanitarian help in their hands. Her mother often goes out begging to try and get something for her family to eat. They usually survive on one cup of mealy meal ground maize each day.
One-third of all children in Zimbabwe are chronically malnourished, and 10 million people out of a population of 13 million live below the poverty line. People should understand that world is much bigger than their city or even country. WE should help and support developing countries and countries of the third world in difficult and scrutinized situations.
This was already a major challenge, not least in Africa, where many nations have fallen behind. But we are also facing a perfect storm of new challenges. The prices of basic staples — wheat, corn, rice — are at record highs, up 50 percent or more in the past six months. Global food stocks are at historic lows. According to international aid agencies, things may be looking up for Ethiopia, at least in the short term.
The Government of Ethiopia regularly turn to International Community for help in the reason of 5 years lasting droughts and as an after affects starvation. Regular malnutrition causes danger for life of more than 6 million people. The most damaged regions in Ethiopia are northern and eastern ones.
To carry out urgent measures in order to save hundreds of lives in the country, government needs emergency food support on nearly 9 million dollars. In , 25 years have passed since humanitarian catastrophe in Ethiopia, when more than million people died on starvation.
It is essential that the following steps will be systematic measures. In this report was signified one of the unsolved problems — exhaustion of the soil, which could not feed working on it people even with regular and normal atmospheric precipitations and during the droughts it doea not give crops at all. Social problems, low level of farming culture and lack of investments cause the threat of starvation to regular event.
Escalating food prices and higher transport costs mean more people are going hungry, and are unable to afford food for themselves or their families. Save the Children is currently working to help nearly , people in six of the worst-affected regions.
At the international level, it is because of the expansion in biofuel and the record increase in oil prices. In Pakistan, it is due to distortionary policy responses leading to a long decline in agricultural investment resulting in limited capacity to produce more food.
The devastating floods in Pakistan, which have killed around 1, and displaced nearly 20 million, have also adversely impacted the food supply chains. Nearly 17 million acres of cultivated cropland has been lost to floods while the loss of livestock could also be in millions.
The loss of crops from floods alone can cause huge spikes in the price of necessary food items because of uncertainty in the supply of grains, livestock, etc. At the same time, almost 75 per cent of those affected by floods are the ones who relied on agriculture for sustenance. Another reason behind high food prices, especially wheat, is the global wheat crisis which has caused the wheat prices to increase by 90 per cent since June The drought in Russia has contributed to severe wheat shortages leading Russia to ban all wheat exports.
Compounding this even further is the loss of wheat crop in China and India due to monsoon rains. Pakistan has a very productive land and has a great potential for the production of food crops. Most of the land is under cultivation and more could be cultivated. But unfortunately, the land related problems like depleting soil fertility, soil erosion, water logging and salinity are badly reducing our food crops production capacity.
Due to ineffective and inefficient use of irrigation water has created problems. Along with it, mismanagement of available water resources has deprived provinces of their legitimate share and has adversely affected agriculture yield.
Use of improved seed is one of the important factors in crop productivity enhancement. But sadly, the use of low quality seed by illiterate and inexperienced farmers reduces the productions. It is a great hurdle in the way of attaining the targeted food crop productions. Hence it further adds to the shortage of food.
Proper use of organic and inorganic fertilizers is also critical for maintaining soil fertility to enhance agriculture productivity. T he current use of plant nutrients is not only imbalanced and inadequate but also inefficient as well. Due to financial limitations , the small farmers are largely dependent on credit to procure agriculture inputs.
Limited utilization of cultivable land is aggravating the availability of food situation. There are severe inequalities between the districts of the same provinces. In spite of adequate food production at the national level severe food shortages have been experienced. These shortages pose a grave threat to food security in the country. Lack of rural roads, electricity, drinking water and educational and health facilities add to food insecurity. Growing population is also aggravating the status of food insecurity in Pakistan.
Due to various hurdles the production of food crops does not commensurate with the growing number of people in the country. This imbalance is compelling people especially the poor to reduce their intake of food. Population increase coupled with low investment has exasperated the food insecurity situation. Last but not least, energy crisis is further contributing in food insecurity. Owing to short supply of electricity, many industries have been and are being closed, rendering thousands of poor people unemployed.
Unemployment reduces earning and in turn purchasing power of the people. Low purchasing power coupled with increasing food prices are making even a one-time meal hard to afford for the poor. Food insecurity may cause unrest or even political instability.
Persistent food insecurity may cause conflicts, civil wars and can threaten the overall peace of community, society, nation or world depending on the extent and spectrum of hunger and poverty. Food insecurity is the major cause of militancy and violence. In Pakistan some extremist forces are exploiting the feelings of lower and lower middle class food insecure people. They are motivating their unemployed youth to commit heinous crimes such as suicide attacks against innocent people.
Compromised security at individual level compromises the security at nation, regional and global level. Food insecurity heightens the potential for conflicts , which translate into a security threat. Individual cases of relative hunger, marginalization and poverty can turn into collective deprivation. This deprivation when gets an identity crisis, be it creed, genders, class or nationality, always leads to class conflict and ultimately to violence.
Hunger is such a force which provokes people to rebel against the state. When the basic needs of the masses are not met they turn against the state and tend to destabilize the socio-political fabric of the country. A county which fails to deliver its masses is bound to face instability.
Allegiance from the masses towards the country becomes a daydream. Such circumstances affect regional as well as global security. This extraordinary behaviour includes selling of kidneys, selling of children and suicides.
This situation results in large numbers of individuals who might get to any lengths in sheer desperation and frustration. Many of them commit suicide to end their misery. Others kill their dependents, to whom they cannot even afford to prove a square meal. It leaves behind not much for them to have other amenities of life. They even cannot afford education and health facilities. Increasing poverty is directly linked with food inflation which makes it hard for the poor masses to make their both ends meet.
In the grim situation poor people send their children at work in an early age. Instead of equipping their young ones with education, they send them to work to keep the stove of their family lit. Child labour is not only wasting our precious talent but also dragging the young children into the swamp of crime. It is further resulting in other social problems. As mentioned earlier that after spending on food, there leaves nothing for the poor people spend on the education of their children.
This adds to illiteracy. Illiteracy begets social evils. Education means to alleviate poverty and cause social change. Low standard of education in our country is casting a shadow on the prospects of our country.
People entangled in financial woes do not consider education important. The food price increases have led to an alarming situation that the world is reaching a danger point where soaring food prices could lead to political instability. This is a time to move from talk to action. This is a time to make the right policy choices that may ensure food is accessible to the most vulnerable in Pakistan and simultaneously helping producers to raise their output and increase their income.
Here are some suggestions: Such a paradigm shift would result in greater resources being channelled to improve food security. Sustained investments in agricultural research to develop new varieties that are better adapted to the changing climate are need of the day.
There is a need to make sustainable plans for the conservation and efficient use of water. A revolving fund for food deficit provinces, especially for wheat procurement by provinces, should be established. It is strongly suggested that assuring food security should be adapted as a peace building strategy in these areas. It can be concluded that the vision without action is daydream and action without vision is pastime.
The government of Pakistan must deal with this issue on war footing. People uncertain of how and where their next meal will come from can never be patriotic.
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